Cherokee corn traditionally ground for tortillas
- Bred by the Cherokee tribe
- Round, ivory-colored kernels
- Traditionally ground into corn flour
- Grows 7-8' tall
- 130 days to maturity
MORE ABOUT SALLU-YAH FLOUR CORN:
(Zea mays) Cherokee variety produces cream colored kernels that are traditionally ground for making tortillas. Plants grow 7-8ft tall producing 1-2 ears per plant, each measuring 6-7 inches long and 8-10 rows around. Although they originate from the same tribe, this is not the same as the variety "Cherokee Flour Corn". Comparatively, the kernels of this variety are slightly smaller and more round. The plants are also shorter. The original USDA source for Sallu-yah is PI213744. 130 days to harvest. 50 seeds/pkt.
CULTURE: Corn performs best in soil that is well-drained, but also able to hold onto some moisture, as corn tends to use quite a bit of water during its active growth phase. Working in a healthy dose of well-composted manure in the fall will ensure that the rapidly growing plants receive adequate water and nutrition.
SOWING: After danger of frost has passed and soil temps have reached 55 degrees, sow seeds 9-12" apart, 1" deep, in rows 24-36" apart. To maximize pollination use a paired row or square plot configuration. Under ideal conditions, germination will occur in 7-10 days.
INSECT PESTS: Biological controls such as Bacillus thuringiensis can be effecting in controlling common corn pests like corn borer and earworm. Aphids, Japanese beetles, and other hard-shelled insects can be controlled with a simple homemade insecticidal soap solution.
DISEASES AND PROBLEMS: Corn is susceptible to a number of plant diseases. Consult your local extension office to learn which diseases are most prevalent in your region. Crop rotation, tillage, and removal of plant debris are all effective tools in managing common corn diseases.
HARVEST AND STORAGE: Ears can be harvested once the husks have dried and the kernels have sufficiently hardened. To test for maturity, pull back the husk and remove a kernel from the ear. If the tip at the base of the kernel breaks off to reveal a brown "abscission" layer, the ears are ready to harvest.
SAVING SEEDS: To maintain genetic diversity, save seed from at least 50 to 100 plants. If open-pollinated, plants should be isolated from other corn varieties by at least 1/4 mile. Otherwise, hand-pollination can be performed.