Gehu Early Yellow Flint Corn
Popular flint corn for northern climates
- Aka North Dakota Early Yellow Flint
- Heirloom dating back to 1889
- Well-suited for northern climates
- Produces right, glossy yellow kernels
- 100 days to harvest
MORE ABOUT GEHU EARLY YELLOW FLINT:
(Zea mays) Also known as North Dakota Early Yellow Flint, Gehu was first introduced in 1889 by famous seedsman Oscar H. Will. In his catalog, Will described Gehu as a "flint corn of beautiful, bright, glossy yellow color." He went on, "I claim it to be the earliest valuable field corn in the world, superior to all other varieties of flint corn for cultivation in the Northwest." It was awarded first prize at the North Dakota State Fair in 1894. It is indeed the earliest variety of corn we've grown, usually pollinating around the 4th of July when other varieties are typically "knee-high", or so the saying goes. Compared to modern commercial hybrids, the yield would by no means be described as "superior to all others," but it is respectable, considering the variety's early maturity. Ears are typically 8-10" long with 10-12 rows of kernels. 100 days to harvest. 50 seeds/pkt.
CULTURE: Corn performs best in soil that is well-drained, but also able to hold onto some moisture, as corn tends to use quite a bit of water during its active growth phase. Working in a healthy dose of well-composted manure in the fall will ensure that the rapidly growing plants receive adequate water and nutrition.
SOWING: After danger of frost has passed and soil temps have reached 55 degrees, sow seeds 9-12" apart, 1" deep, in rows 24-36" apart. To maximize pollination use a paired row or square plot configuration. Under ideal conditions, germination will occur in 7-10 days.
INSECT PESTS: Biological controls such as Bacillus thuringiensis can be effecting in controlling common corn pests like corn borer and earworm. Aphids, Japanese beetles, and other hard-shelled insects can be controlled with a simple homemade insecticidal soap solution.
DISEASES AND PROBLEMS: Corn is susceptible to a number of plant diseases. Consult your local extension office to learn which diseases are most prevalent in your region. Crop rotation, tillage, and removal of plant debris are all effective tools in managing common corn diseases.
HARVEST AND STORAGE: Ears can be harvested once the husks have dried and the kernels have sufficiently hardened. To test for maturity, pull back the husk and remove a kernel from the ear. If the tip at the base of the kernel breaks off to reveal a brown "abscission" layer, the ears are ready to harvest.
SAVING SEEDS: To maintain genetic diversity, save seed from at least 50 to 100 plants. If open-pollinated, plants should be isolated from other corn varieties by at least 1/4 mile. Otherwise, hand-pollination can be performed.
I won't be planting for several months, but the seeds look very healthy.